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Uses of ultrasound in tanks

By Carlos F Molina

Hi. Following two months and a half of a new job in Panama, I haven´t been so atentive to my website. I am again working for a contractor, meaning I have almost no time at all to update this site. I am usually void of energy because of all of the work that needs to be done.  I hope that changes in the near future. By now, I am trying to retake writing in apiexam.com and to really commit to an schedule. Even when I didn´t write in a long time, the number of people that found value in my content grew (I have 255 suscribers now) in the past 2 and a half months.

Last time, we talked about Ultrasound according to Article 23 Ultrasonic Standards, Section SE–797, only things related to the Body Of Knowledge. This time we will review the use of ultrasound in tanks.

INTRODUCTION

Ultrasonic testing, I think, is going to replace RT as a mean of inspecting welded joints in tanks, because of its many advantages, like reducing hazards and downtime associated with radiography.

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By Carlos F Molina

In the Body Of Knowledge for the API 653 exam, Ultrasonic Testing is one of the smallest parts that needs to be studied. This is what the Body Of Knowledge says you need to get:

E. Article 23, Ultrasonic Standards, Section SE–797 only – Standard practice for measuring thickness by manual ultrasonic pulse-echo contact method:
The inspector should be familiar with and understand;
1. The Scope of Article 23, Section SE-797,
2. The general rules for applying and using the Ultrasonic method
3. The specific procedures for Ultrasonic thickness measurement as contained in paragraph 7.

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By Carlos F Molina

Here I present the resources in my website: the Q&A documents and a simulator.

Please download 47 more Q&a in the Api 653  series.

HOW TO USE THE Q&A LISTS

The questions of the Q&A list were extracted from the standards by me, or remembered by me or other students that took the exam before. The format is a Q&A one, different from the multiple choice question format from other courses I have seen online. I prefer this method because it takes away all the clutter that leads to confusion when treating these standards. I advise you to copy these questions (maybe you will have to actively copy and paste the Q&A sets in word or excel) and paste it in a spaced repetition software like Anki or Supermemo, as the Q&A format allows, and start studying right away.  Please edit the questions yourself looking to the references if you have difficulty remembering any of them. When days pass by, you will see who you remember all of the information with no problem.

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By Carlos F Molina

This is my last article about radiology in tanks for readers who are studying for the API 653 exam. We will see

  • Radiographic Technique
  • Placement of IQIs
  • Radiographic density

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By Carlos F Molina

In this article we will be talking more on the subject of radiology in the ASME V code

NOTE: This article is half of what originally was intended to be. It turns out that, as usual, good research takes a lot of time and as consequence, articles end up being longer and not reader-friendly.  So I trimmed out the info and I am resizing with the info needed by API 653 readers.

There is 1 characteristic of a good radiograph that you should control:

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ASME V Radiology part 2

By Carlos F Molina

I am pleased to be back with you for this article. We are reviewing basic radiology for the 653 exam according to ASME V. This is following the radiology first article of this series

Hey. If you know apiexam.com, maybe you have realized that I try to make my articles following the exact order of the Body Of Knowledge. Did you notice then that something was lacking from the latter article? Yes… it was procedure demonstration. Keep reading

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ASME V Radiology Introduction

By Carlos Molina

This time we are going to check radiographic testing for welds in new tanks, an introduction. The BOK for the API 653 exam says:

2. Radiographic Examination:

The inspector should be familiar with and understand:

1. The Scope of Article 2 and general requirements [of ASME V].

2. The rules for radiography as typically applied on butt welded AST horizontal and vertical seams such as, but not limited to:

required marking type.

selection.

number, and placement of IQIs.

allowable density control of backscatter radiation

location markers

3. Records

I will try to simplify this subject as much as posible for the people who is studying for the API 653 exam. Keep reading

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By Carlos F Molina

Today´s artice is about hydrostatic testing in tanks. In my workplace, it became a common ocurrence for the people to say that “the hydrostatic test in a tank is just a tightness test”. Some gals say that “the most important thing to do with hydrostatic testing is settlement measurement”. This illustrates that not everybody understands hydrostatic testing fully.

In this article, we will see how the hydrostatic test is made for various types of tanks and which parts of a tank are evaluated with an hydrostatic test. Keep reading

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By Carlos F Molina

To professionals all around the industry, I am here to present you a problem. We have  shortage of personnel for our industry. The average age of a welder in the USA is 55; the wave of coming retirements will leave manufacturers at a disadvantage. The American Welding Society estimates that by 2020 there will be a shortage of 290,000 professionals, including inspectors, engineers, and teachers. “We’re dealing with a lost generation”, they say (link)

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By Carlos F Molina

Hi. This is the final installment of these series of articles containing the 27 variables that a SMAW WPS should contain (other proccesses have different essential variables). Here we will consider variables 19 to 27 that should be given a value in a WPS, according to ASME IX. This is written for the basic level, for the person that is studying for the API 653 exam. Keep reading

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